Jim Corbett National Park, the Asia’s first National Park and house to the endangered Bengal tigers, is situated in both Kumaun division- Nainital district and Garhwal division- Pauri Garhwal district of Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand. Spread over the core zone of 520.82 square kilometers and total of 1,318.54 square kilometers including the buffer zone (797.72 square kilometers among which 301.18 square kilometers is of Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary) that houses the Corbett Tiger Reserve, Jim Corbett National Park and Wildlife Reserve is India’s one of the most visited national park some of the others being Nanda Devi National Park, Gangotri National Park and Rajaji National Park. Jim Corbett National Park lies in between 385 to 1100 meters above sea level covering different rivers, streams, plateaus, valleys and offering a varied habitat for rich biodiversity; flora and fauna in the national park vary with altitude. Jim Corbett National Park is a major destination for bird watchers; Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary and Binsar Wildlife Reserve in Uttarakhand are other two major spots occupied by Ornithologists and students of Ornithology.
In 1936, with significant pressure to the provincial government from the conservationist Jim E. Corbett, a reserve area of 323.75 square kilometers was established as Hailey National Park. The name was derived from Sir Malcolm Hailey who was the then Governor of United Province. At that time, timber cutting for domestic purpose was still allowed to the locals though hunting was prohibited. The rule passed shortly after the establishment of national park, that prohibited the killing and capturing of wild mammals, reptiles and birds was the first step to preserve the wild beings. In 1954-55, the independent government of India renamed the national park as Ramganga National Park. But soon afterwards, in 1955-56, Jim E. Corbett’s love towards the nature, years he spent wandering through the Kumaun jungles, his effort in establishing the wildlife reserve was honored and the national park got its current name Jim Corbett National Park. Mr. Corbett had died in 1955. Corbett’s books Jungle Lore, Man eating tiger in Rudraprayag and many others are rich source of information on the then Himalayan jungles and wildlife.